The purpose of these procedures is to stop the seizures completely. They include:
- Laser ablation
- Hemispheric surgeries
- Hippocampal transection
- Posterior quadrant resection or disconnection (also known as temporoparietaloccipital disconnection or TPO)
- Radiofrequency ablation
- Stereotactic radiosurgery
- Interstitial radiosurgery
There are other procedures that are not intended to stop the seizures completely, but instead, aim to stop the seizures after they begin or reduce the number of seizures. These are known as palliative procedures. They include:
- Corpus callosotomy
- Multiple subpial transection
- Vagus nerve stimulation
- Responsive neurostimulation
- Cortical and deep brain stimulation
This brief guide introduces you to the various surgeries to consider to stop drug-resistance seizures in childhood.
Thank you to The Brain Recovery Project: Childhood Epilepsy Surgery Foundation for the use and adaptation of this article. Please visit them to learn more about Epilepsy Surgery.